130 years of Casaba Melons

This afternoon I planted casaba melons in a big empty patch in the middle of our orchard. This is the second year that I have planted casabas—they were such a favorite with General Bidwell that I had to try them. I would have planted them sooner, but the weather has been too cool up until now for the seeds to sprout.

I got my seed from Seed Savers Exchange I don’t know of any other catalog that carries it. They are wonderful melons, juicy and delicious, with a heady aroma, but they take a long time to grow.

Seed Savers Exchange lists the seed as Bidwell Casaba Melon. The packet description says, in part: “Grown by John Bidwell (1819-1900), a Civil War General and U.S. Senator who procured his stock seed from the USDA in 1869.” The statement is partly erroneous and partly misleading. John Bidwell did serve as a brigadier general in the California State Militia during the Civil War, but most readers would assume that calling him a “Civil War General” indicates that he served in the U.S. Army. He was not a senator, but a congressman.

And he did not acquire the seed in 1869. It was sent to him in 1881 by the Department of Agriculture, who knew how he liked to experiment with new crops. The melons grown in 1881 were such an outstanding success that Bidwell decided to devote 10 acres to them the following year.

Casabas take a lot of water, and my husband asked me how Bidwell managed to grow them during our dry Chico summers. The answer comes from his ranch foreman George Moses Gray. He recounts:

“The next year, 1882, we planted ten acres of casabas on newly cleared ground on land between the flume and Humboldt Road. . . The ground was very rich and we had plenty of water from the flume and of all the melons I ever saw growing those were the best.”

Hope mine turn out as good this year!

About nancyleek

Nancy is a retired librarian who lives in Chico, California. She is the author of John Bidwell: The Adventurous Life of a California Pioneer.
This entry was posted in Casaba melon, Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to 130 years of Casaba Melons

  1. Pingback: 130 years of Casaba Melons, part II | goldfields

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