Monthly Archives: October 2016

October 18th — California Admission Day

Wait a minute I hear you say, isn’t September 9th California Admission Day? Yes it is. California officially became part of the Union on September 9th, 1850, when President Millard Fillmore signed the admission bill. The population of California had … Continue reading

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On the Trail — October 15-16, 1841

Friday, 15th. Advanced upstream about 12 miles and arrived at the base of very high mountains. The creek had become a small spring branch, and took its rise at no great distance in the mountains. But we saw plainly it … Continue reading

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The Know-Nothings in California

The Know-Nothing Party got its start in New York in the 1840s. The movement spread to other states and in 1845 nativist groups united as the Native American Party. (Nothing to do with what we now call Native Americans, of … Continue reading

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On the Trail — Oct. 9-11

October 9th found the emigrants following the trail of Captain Bartleson, who had abandoned the company and rode on ahead. They trudged through sand hills and came to a swamp, the water of which was “very nauseous.” They had reached … Continue reading

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On the Trail – October 7, 1841

Now we have been found fault with long enough, and we are going to California. If you can keep up with us, all right; if you cannot, you may go to hell! Captain John Bartleson’s words still rang in John … Continue reading

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On the Trail — October 5-6, 1841

Tuesday, 5th.  Today was very warm, and the oxen were not able to keep up with the horses. Traveled about 30 miles and stopped on the river about dark – grass plenty, willows – this going so fast was the … Continue reading

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Political Turmoil in the 1850s

There were rapid changes in the American political scene during the 1850s.  The Whig Party, led by Henry Clay, was fading. The Democratic Party, the party of Andrew Jackson, was in control. But not for much longer. Sectionalism, slavery, and … Continue reading

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The Mighty San Buenaventura River

Our ignorance of the route was complete. We knew that California lay west, and that was the extent of our knowledge. Some of the maps consulted, supposed of course to be correct, showed a lake in the vicinity of where … Continue reading

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On the Trail — Oct. 1-2, 1841

We are back on the trail with the Bidwell-Bartleson Party. They spent the last week of September traveling along a stream that they hoped would turn into Mary’s River (the Humboldt). It had been six weeks since the original party … Continue reading

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