Today in History — Courtesy of the Sacramento History Museum:
December 28, 1848
On this day in 1848, John Sutter Jr., in an effort to raise capital to pay off his father’s looming debts, started to sell portions of Sutter’s Fort. Priest, Lee, and Company purchased the rooms along the north wall east of the Central Building for $3,500 for their mining equipment store. Dr. Victor Fourgeaud bought the northeast corner rooms for $1,700.
The rooms along the south wall east of the main gate were sold to Hensley, Reading, and Company for $6,500. Pierson B. Reading and Samuel Hensley rented the properties to David Dring who operated a dry goods store, Peter Slater who had a saloon and bowling alley, and the southeast bastion (tower) became a hospital (which was later one of the main cholera hospitals in the city during the October-November 1850 cholera epidemic).
The Central Building was purchased for $7,000 by Alden Bayley and Michael McClellan, who converted the former administrative hub for New Helvetia into a hotel on the main floor and a saloon, gambling parlor, and bowling alley in the basement. The rest of Sutter’s Fort was sold by April 1849.
Most of these men were already renting the rooms that they bought at this time. Sam Brannan had a store at Sutter’s Fort too.
On one of my forays into the archives at the California State Library, I came across a trove of receipts saved by John Bidwell from his trips to buy supplies for his trading post at Bidwell’s Bar on the Feather River. Picture in your mind Sutter’s Fort, and then imagine John Bidwell and his partner George McKinstry going round the various businesses that had set up shop there, buying all kinds of necessary items to stock their own store. Here are a few of the receipts, with transcriptions (not all from the same trip):
Bought of McKee & Dring
10 pairs of shoes @ $7 $70.
¼ oz. Quinine @ $60 15.
1 piece Mantua 12. (probably “manta,” a type of cloth)
1 roll of Copper 6.
1 lb. of Salts 2.
1 Rope 3.00
9 pieces of Prints @ $14 126. (more cloth)
3 “ “ “ @ $11 33.
12 pairs Pantaloons @ $4 48.
3 “ “ 12.
20 pairs of Blankets @ $20 400.
5 Scotch Caps @ $1 5.
Wm. H. Smith
for McKee and Dring [on reverse] Oct. 14th 1848
Messrs McKinstry, Bidwell
Bot of Hensley Reading & co.
155 lbs Coffee 30¢ $46.50
100 “ Sugar 4 sacks 30¢ 32.40
2 pc. blue drill $16 32.00 (fabric similar to denim)
2 sack salt 1.00
Chag’d to acct. Hensley Reading & co.
I Paid on the above $25.00 J. Bidwell
Sacramento City July 6, 1849 [Priest & Lee had moved out of the Fort by this time]
Bought of Priest, Lee & Co.
7 8/12 Doz. Fancy Shirts @$12 $92.00
4 pr. Blankets $20. 80.00
2 doz. Pants $16 32.00
1 sack nuts 50 # $30 15.00
4 cases Brandy $20. 80.00
1 Canister Powder $4 4.00
Received Payment Priest, Lee & Co.
Mr. Bidwell Bot of P. Slater
½ doz. Hatchets 12.00
9 Col’d Shirts (colored) 13.00
Sacramento City August 29 / 49
Rec’d Paymt. P. Slater [other name unreadable]
Unfortunately, these receipts do not answer the question: Did John Bidwell go bowling at Sutter’s Fort?