How many capitals has California had? More than I knew. I might have been able to list three or four, but seven? Who knew?
The California State Library knows. Here is a link to a page on Previous Capitals — and Capitols — of California. (A capital is a city, the seat of government. A capitol is a building, where the legislators and lawmakers find their seats.)
Here they are:
Monterey: 1774-1849. The capital of Mexican California and the site of the Constitutional Convention.
San Jose: 1849-1851. The first legislature met in San Jose.
Vallejo: 1852-1853. For only a few days in those two years, with Sacramento in between.
Benicia: 1853-1854. For just one year. The Benicia capitol building is a State Historic Park.
Sacramento: 1852-present day. After all that moving around, they finally settled on Sacramento.
But wait — that’s only six capitals. What was the seventh?
San Francisco: 1862. The legislators adjourned to SF when flood waters became to much for them. Sacramento was inundated during the Great Flood of 1862 as the American and Sacramento Rivers overflowed their banks.